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Ribotype diversity of porcine Pasteurella multocida from Australia

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Bowles, R.E., Pahoff, J.L., Smith, B.N. and Blackall, P.J. (2000) Ribotype diversity of porcine Pasteurella multocida from Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 78 (9). pp. 630-635.


Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2000.tb11940...

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home


Objective To use the technique of ribotyping to investigate the genetic diversity of Australian isolates of Pasteurella multocida associated with outbreaks of clinical disease in Australian pigs. Design One hundred and seven porcine P multocida isolates were analysed by ribotyping using the restriction enzymes HpaII and HindIII. The genetic population structure of the Australian porcine P multocida isolates was determined through statistical analysis of the joint ribotype patterns, and this was then compared with biochemical and epidemiological data available for the population.

Results A total of 25 combined ribotypes were recognised, which were grouped into five ribotype clusters. Despite the deliberate selection of diverse isolates, the study revealed only a limited degree of genetic diversity. Fourteen of the ribotypes contained multiple isolates, and 12 of these ribotypes were present on more than one farm. Three of the seven biovars analysed in the study showed very limited diversity. All fifteen biovar 2 isolates (subsp multocida) were found in a single cluster (III), while all four biovar 8 isolates, which correspond to P multocidasubsp gallicida, were allocated by themselves to a single cluster (IV). All nine of the biovar 12 isolates (lactose-positive subsp multocida) were assigned to a single cluster (I), together with the single biovar 14 isolate, which was the only other lactose-positive isolate in the population (ODC-negative).

Conclusion A limited number of ribotypes of P multocida are associated with Australian pigs. The majority of these ribotypes are widely distributed across multiple farms, and across multiple states. Individual farms can possess multiple ribotypes of P multocida. Some of the unusual biochemical variants of P multocida present in Australian pigs have a very limited genetic diversity. The nature of pig production in Australia, primarily involving continuous flow systems with few closed herds, has possibly contributed to the widespread distribution of a limited number ribotypes.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Animal Science, Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:Reproduced with permission from the © Australian Veterinary Journal. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.
Keywords:Pigs; Pasteurella multocida; ribotype; diversity.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Swine
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Live Archive:26 Aug 2004
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:47

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