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Diversity among isolates of Actinobacillus equuli and related organisms as revealed by ribotyping

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Blackall, P.J., Christensen, J.P. and Bisgaard, M. (1998) Diversity among isolates of Actinobacillus equuli and related organisms as revealed by ribotyping. Australian Veterinary Journal, 76 (6). pp. 423-425.


Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.1998.tb12394...

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home


Objective The objective of this work was to examine the diversity within Australian isolates of Actinobacillus equuliand related organisms by the genotypic method of ribotyping.

Design Ribotyping, performed using the enzyme HaeIII, was used to examine the diversity in 12 field isolates of A equuli (five being capable of fermenting L-arabinose), one field isolate of Pasteurella caballi and two unclassifiable field isolates. Isolates were obtained from Australian horses, except for three isolates of A equuli (one L-arabinose positive and two L-arabinose negative) which were obtained from horses and a pig in Africa. In addition, the type strains for A equuli and P caballiand a reference strain for Bisgaard Taxon
9 were included in the study.

Results The ribotype patterns were analysed by computerized cluster analysis, yielding five clusters (A to E). All five of the L-arabinose positive A equuli were assigned to cluster A, with all the other seven A equuli isolates (all L-arabinose negative) and the type strain being assigned to cluster B. One of the two unclassified isolates formed cluster C along with the reference strain for Bisgaard Taxon 9. The remaining unclassified isolate formed cluster D. Cluster E consisted of the field isolate and reference strain of P caballi.

Conclusion The results of this study indicate that A equuli is a diverse species, with L-arabinose positive isolates of A equuli being quite distinct from typical L-arabinose negative isolates. Ribotyping appears to be a useful tool in confirming the identity of A equuli-like organisms from horses.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Animal Science
Additional Information:Reproduced with permission from the © Australian Veterinary Journal. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.
Keywords:Actinobacillus equuli; Ribotyping; L-arabinose.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine
Live Archive:24 Aug 2004
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:47

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