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Prothoracic Gland Semiochemicals of Green Lacewings.

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Aldrich, J.R., Le, T.C., Zhang, Q.H., Torres, J., Winterton, S.L., Han, B.Y., Miller, G.L. and Chauhan, K.R.. (2009) Prothoracic Gland Semiochemicals of Green Lacewings. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 35 (10). pp. 1181-1187.

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10886-009-9701-x

Publisher URL: http://www.springer.com


Adult chrysopids have paired prothoracic glands (PG) that are thought to produce defensive secretions (allomones). We analyzed PG extracts of the following green lacewings from North and South America, Australia, and China: Ceraeochrysa cubana (Brazil); Chrysopa (= Co.) oculata, Co. nigricornis, Co. incompleta, Co. quadripunctata (USA), and Co. septempunctata (China); Chrysoperla (= Cl.) rufilabris (USA) and Cl. sp. (Brazil); Plesiochrysa ramburi and Mallada spp. (Australia). PG secretions are characteristic for species within a genus, except for Chrysopa spp. (Z)-4-Tridecene is ubiquitous, but (Z,Z)-4,7-tridecadiene is a major PG constituent in some Chrysopa spp. and in P. ramburi. Earlier reports that Co. oculata and Co. nigricornis produce 1-tridecene were shown to be in error. Chrysopa PG secretions are distinguished by the presence or absence of N-3-methylbutylacetamide, plus skatole (3-methylindole). Skatole is also identified for the first time from the Plesiochrysa and Ceraeochrysa. The PG secretion in Plesiochrysa ramburi is characterized by the presence of (Z)-4-undecene instead of (Z)-4-tridecene, and N-3-methylbutylpropanamide instead of the acetamide, resembling the PG secretions of Chrysopa nigricornis, Co. septempunctata and Co. incompleta. The chemotaxonomic value of PG semiochemicals is discussed, including evidence for subgroups within the genus Chrysopa as it now stands.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:DEEDI
Additional Information:© U.S. Government. © Springer.
Keywords:Pheromone; allomone; tridecene; skatole; iridodial; amide; chemotaxonomy; biosynthesis; Neuroptera; Chrysopidae; green lacewing larvae; aphid control.
Subjects:Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Science > Physiology > Insect biochemistry
Live Archive:24 Jun 2010 05:55
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:48

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