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Assessing Protective Cylinders for Chaplet-Based Culture of the Winged Pearl Oyster Pteria penguin

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Gordon, S. E., Wingfield, M., Malimali, S.'a., Halafihi, T.'i. and Southgate, P. C. (2020) Assessing Protective Cylinders for Chaplet-Based Culture of the Winged Pearl Oyster Pteria penguin. Journal of Shellfish Research, 39 (1). 59-66, 8.

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.2983/035.039.0106


This study assessed the use of novel, locally made, protective culture cylinders as a means of improving pearl oyster Pteria penguin performance and standardizing culture methods used by mabé pearl farmers in Tonga. Cylinders were constructed from locally sourced wire mesh, for a cost of USD 12.1 each and were used to protect oysters grown on chaplets. Growth and survival of two age cohorts of oysters—“young” (0.7-y-old and 33.1 ± 0.7-mm dorsoventral height (DVH)) and “old” (2.7-y-old and 86.9 ± 0.8 mm DVH)—cultured using this system were determined every 3–5 wk over an 11-mo period. The DVH of “young” oysters increased by 74.6 mm, wet weight (WW) by 161.2 g, and shell thickness (ST) by 23.4 mm, whereas for “old” oysters, DVH, WW, and ST increased by 55.2 mm, 271.4 g, and 14.7 mm, respectively, over the same period. “Young” oysters held in culture cylinders reached the starting size of the “old” oyster cohort within seven months of growth and at less than half their age (1.2 and 2.7 y old, respectively). “Young” oysters held in culture cylinders also showed a 3-fold greater monthly growth rate than oysters cultured in trays (6.8 and 2.1 mm month–1, respectively). Survival of oysters in culture cylinders over the 11-mo culture period was 91.7% and 97.6% for “young” and “old” oysters, respectively, compared with 25% for oysters cultured in trays. The use of protective cylinders for P. penguin culture increases oyster survival and reduces the culture period required for P. penguin to reach minimum pearl production size by >50% relative to the current tray-based culture method, supporting improved mabé pearl farm profitability.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Fishery conservation
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Fishery research
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Shellfish fisheries
Live Archive:17 Jun 2024 06:22
Last Modified:17 Jun 2024 06:22

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