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Evaluation of the most effective measures of infectivity of a precocious line of Eimeria acervulina in poultry

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Jorgensen, W.K., Richards, G. and Anderson, G. R. (2006) Evaluation of the most effective measures of infectivity of a precocious line of Eimeria acervulina in poultry. Australian Veterinary Journal, 84 (12). pp. 428-430.

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2006.00076.x


Coccidiosis is an economically important parasitic disease of chickens that, in Australia, is caused by seven species of the genus Eimeria.1 The disease has traditionally been controlled by prophylactic drugs, but vaccination with attenuated lines of the parasites2–4 is rapidly gaining acceptance world wide. Live Eimeria vaccines are produced in batches which are not frozen and have a limited shelf life. The per cent infectivity of vaccine seed stocks and the vaccines produced from them must therefore be accurately monitored using standardised dose dependant assays to ensure that shelf life, quality control and vaccine release specifications are met. Infectivity for the chicken host cannot readily be determined by microscopic observation of oocysts or sporocyst hatching.5 Dose dependent parameters such as body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, visual lesion scores, mortality, oocysts production, clinical symptoms and microscopic lesion counts could be used as measures of infectivity.6–11 These parameters show significant dose dependant effects with field strains, but lines of vaccine parasites that have been selected for precocious development with associated reduced virulence and reproductive capability may not have the same effect.3,4 The aim of this trial was to determine which parameters provide the most effective measures of infective dose in birds inoculated with a precocious vaccine strain.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:© Australian Veterinary Association.
Keywords:Coccidiosis; Eimeria; vaccination; infective dose.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Avian
Live Archive:23 Feb 2009 03:09
Last Modified:20 Jan 2023 05:47

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