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All‐in‐one Xylella detection and identification: A nanopore sequencing‐compatible conventional PCR

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Wong‐Bajracharya, J., Webster, J., Rigano, L. A., Kant, P., Englezou, A., Snijders, F., Roach, R., Wang, C., Kehoe, M. and Mann, R. (2024) All‐in‐one Xylella detection and identification: A nanopore sequencing‐compatible conventional PCR. Plant Pathology . ISSN 0032-0862


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13877


Xylella fastidiosa is a plant-pathogenic bacterium that poses a serious threat to the production of economically important plant species including grapes, almonds, olives and a broad range of amenity plants, causing significant economic losses worldwide. While multiple molecular detection assays have been developed for X. fastidiosa, there is a lack of molecular tools available for detection and differentiation of the closely related pear pathogen, Xylella taiwanensis. In this study, we present a novel conventional PCR assay with primers that can amplify both Xylella species. The amplified product could be sequenced and used for discrimination between the two species and the subspecies within the fastidiosa species. This PCR assay was designed using a genome-informed approach to target the ComEC/Rec2 gene of both Xylella species, ensuring a higher specificity than other previously developed PCR assays. A test performance study across five national plant diagnostic laboratories in Australia and New Zealand demonstrated this assay's high sensitivity and specificity to all known species and subspecies within the Xylella genus. This PCR assay can be used for Xylella identification at the species and subspecies level and is compatible with Sanger sequencing and nanopore sequencing for rapid turnaround time. The newly developed conventional PCR assay presented here offers rapid detection and accurate identification of both Xylella species from plant, insect vector or bacterial samples, enabling timely implementation of biosecurity measures or disease management responses.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Technology > Technology (General) > Chromatography
Science > Botany
Plant culture
Plant culture > Economic botany
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Live Archive:19 Mar 2024 23:23
Last Modified:19 Mar 2024 23:23

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