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Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies to Babesia bigemina in cattle

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Molloy, J.B., Bowles, P.M., Jeston, P.J., Bruyeres, A.G., Bowden, J.M., Bock, R.E., Jorgensen, W.K., Blight, G.W. and Dalgliesh, R.J. (1998) Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies to Babesia bigemina in cattle. Parasitology Research, 84 . pp. 651-656. ISSN 1432-1955

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s004360050465


Monoclonal antibodies, directed against a 58-kDa Babesia bigemina merozoite antigen that reacted strongly with immune sera from experimentally and naturally infected cattle in Western blots, were used to develop a competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). As based on the testing of 70 antibody-positive sera from experimentally infected cattle and 166 antibody-negative sera collected in non-endemic areas of Australia, the sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA were 95.7% and 97.0%, respectively. In sequential sera collected from six calves during the course of experimental B. bigemina infections the ELISA detected seroconversion at about 10 days post-inoculation. The specificity of the ELISA was not affected by the presence of antibodies to B. bovis, Anaplasma marginale or Theileria buffeli. In 42 sera from cattle experimentally infected with B. bovis but negative for B. bigemina the specificity of the ELISA was 95.2%. The use of a competitive-inhibition ELISA format detecting only antibody directed against a single epitope on the 58-kDa antigen appears to have overcome many of the specificity problems that have plagued serological tests for B. bigemina in the past. The test should be useful for epidemiology studies, particularly in areas where B. bovis and B. bigemina have overlapping distributions.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Cattle
Live Archive:17 Mar 2024 23:36
Last Modified:17 Mar 2024 23:36

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