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Genetic control of growth and form in early-age tests of Casuarina equisetifolia in Andhra Pradesh, India

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Prasad, N.S. and Dieters, M. J. (1998) Genetic control of growth and form in early-age tests of Casuarina equisetifolia in Andhra Pradesh, India. Forest Ecology and Management, 110 (1-3). pp. 49-58. ISSN 0378-1127

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00270-9


Early results from three test plantings of Casuarina equisetifolia spp. equisetifolia are reported: a clonal test of 40 locally selected clones, a progeny test of 16 wind-pollinated families of local origin, and a family-in-provenance test of 100 wind-pollinated families which is part of an international provenance trial. All tests were planted in 1996 at the Regional Forest Research Centre, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India. Height, stem straightness and axis persistence were measured in the family tests at 6 and 12 months of age. The height of the clonal test was measured at 12 months of age. Heritability estimates obtained were ca. 0.3, 0.2 and 0.1 for height, stem straightness and axis persistence, respectively. Heritability estimates for height were reasonably consistent across the three tests; however, estimates for stem straightness and axis persistence were generally higher in the small test of locally selected families. Height and the other two traits are most probably either weakly correlated or uncorrelated, while stem straightness and axis persistence are positively correlated. Provenances spread across the range of natural- and land-race populations tested demonstrated good growth potential at Rajahmundry. However, natural provenances from Malaysia and Thailand generally showed superior growth, while the land-race populations often demonstrated superior stem straightness. Based on these results some aspects of a breeding strategy are outlined: (a) the establishment of three unrelated sublines; (b) an initial clonal test of all parents; and (c) wind-pollinated mating within clonal breeding orchards.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Heritability; Genetic correlation; Provenance variation; Breeding strategy; India
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Forestry > Research. Experimentation
Live Archive:15 Mar 2024 05:03
Last Modified:15 Mar 2024 05:03

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