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Effect of breed of cattle on innate resistance to infection with Anaplasma marginale transmitted by Boophilus microplus

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Bock, R.E., Kingston, T.G. and de Vos, A.J. (1999) Effect of breed of cattle on innate resistance to infection with Anaplasma marginale transmitted by Boophilus microplus. Australian Veterinary Journal, 77 (11). pp. 748-751. ISSN 0005-0423


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.1999.tb12920.x


Objective: To assess the innate resistance of and transmission in naive Bos taurus cross Bos indicus and purebred Bos indicus cattle when placed in a paddock with cattle infected with Anaplasma marginale and carrying Boophilus microplus ticks.

Design: A group of 49 purebred B indicus, and 48 B indicus cross B taurus (50%, F1 generation) 24-month-old steers were kept in the same paddock with cattle artificially infected with a virulent isolate of A marginale and Boophilus microplus. The cattle were seronegative for A marginale at the start of the trial but had previously been exposed to Babesia bovis and B bigemina.

Procedure: Cattle were inspected twice weekly for 118 days. Whole blood, blood smears and serum samples were collected from the cattle on day 37 after exposure and then at regular intervals to day 83 after exposure to measure packed-cell volumes, parasitaemias and antibody titres to A marginale. Any animals that met preset criteria were treated for anaplasmosis. On day 83 all cattle were treated with an acaricide and cattle infected with A marginale were removed from the rest of the group.

Results: A marginale was detected in blood smears from 14 crossbred and 9 B indicus steers between days 56 and 72 after exposure. Five and two of the infected crossbred and B indicus steers required treatment, respectively. One of the Bos indicus cattle died as a result of the A marginale infection despite treatment. Antibodies to A marginale were detected in the 23 infected cattle. The mean packed-cell volume depression was 40 and 37 % in the affected crossbred and Bos indicus groups, respectively. There was no significant difference detected in susceptibility between these two groups.

Conclusions: Innate resistance of purebred B indicus and crossbred cattle was not significantly different. The results confirm that purebred B indicus and crossbred cattle are sufficiently susceptible to warrant the use of vaccination against Anaplasma infections.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Animal culture > Breeding and breeds
Animal culture > Cattle
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Cattle
Live Archive:06 Mar 2024 00:27
Last Modified:06 Mar 2024 00:27

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