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Bacterial blotch of melons caused by strains of Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli

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O'Brien, R.G. and Martin, H.L. (1999) Bacterial blotch of melons caused by strains of Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 39 (4). pp. 479-485. ISSN 0816-1089


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/EA98172


The watermelon fruit blotch organism (Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli) was confirmed as the cause of a bacterial disease of rockmelon seedlings in January 1996. Further outbreaks occurred in commercial nurseries during 1996–98. An associated field disease was not observed in rockmelon and honeydew crops until May 1998 when wet conditions led to severe leaf spotting and fruit infection in many crops in the Burdekin district of North Queensland. Isolates of A. avenae subsp. citrulli originating from these outbreaks were considerably more pathogenic to rockmelon plants than isolates originating from watermelon crops in South Queensland. They were also less pathogenic to the weed host Cucumis myriocarpus and could constitute new strains of the fruit blotch organism. Tests showed the disease was readily seed transmissible from naturally infected rockmelon and honeydew fruit for at least 3 months after seed extraction.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Culture of individual fruits or types of fruit > Melons
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees
Live Archive:05 Mar 2024 23:29
Last Modified:05 Mar 2024 23:29

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