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The uptake and use of nitrogen by paddy rice in fallow, cereal, and legume cropping systems

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Ockerby, S.E., Garside, A.L. and Adkins, S.W. (1999) The uptake and use of nitrogen by paddy rice in fallow, cereal, and legume cropping systems. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 50 (6). pp. 945-952. ISSN 1836-0947


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/AR98088


In a previous paper, we reported that prior crops either increased or decreased the yield of paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) and altered its response to fertiliser N. We considered that rice yield responses to prior crop might have reflected the uptake of crop residue N and the efficiency of its use to produce grain. Experiments consisted of dry-season grain or legume crops, or fallow, followed by wet-season rice (cv. Lemont); and wet-season grain or legume crops, or fallow, followed by dry-season rice. Urea at one-third of the rate required for optimum rice yield was applied at 3 stages of rice crop growth: sowing, permanent flood, and/or panicle initiation. Soil N supplied 4.1 to 6.5 g N/m2 to the rice crop, depending on the season. Rice also recovered 0 to 0.25 of the N in the residue of a prior maize crop and 0.23 to 0.57 of the N in grain legume residues or a legume green manure crop; the fraction was greater if fertiliser N was not applied. Increased N uptake was the major contributor to heavier yield. The relationship between grain yield and crop N content was mostly linear, and thus physiological efficiency of N use for rice grain production was essentially constant across the range of environments provided by fertiliser N and cropping system treatments in this study. In experiments where fertiliser N was applied, there were small effects of prior cereal and legume cropping treatments on physiological efficiency. In contrast, without fertiliser N application, physiological efficiency was increased by prior cereal and legume crops, which likely resulted from a greater congruence between the N demand of the rice crop, and the N supply from the soil and incorporated residue, when compared with a fallow treatment.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:fertiliser, nitrogen recovery, nitrogen use efficiency, Oryza sativa, prior crop
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Field crops
Live Archive:05 Mar 2024 00:16
Last Modified:05 Mar 2024 00:16

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