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Simple sequence repeat (SSR)-based diversity analysis of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) germplasm resistant to bacterial wilt

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Mace, E.S., Yuejin, W., Boshou, L., Upadhyaya, H., Chandra, S. and Crouch, J.H. (2007) Simple sequence repeat (SSR)-based diversity analysis of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) germplasm resistant to bacterial wilt. Plant Genetic Resources, 5 (1). pp. 27-36. ISSN 1479-2621

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262107390916


Groundnut is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world. Bacterial wilt, caused by Ralstonia solanacearum E. F. Smith, is one of the major biotic constraints to groundnut production particularly in South-East Asia and East Africa. Several sources of resistance to bacterial wilt have been identified through field screening of groundnut germplasm. The aim of the present study was to quantify the genetic diversity among selected bacterial wilt-resistant lines, in comparison with the levels of variation observable within the cultivated A. hypogaea gene pool. Thirty-two SSR markers were used to assess the degree of molecular polymorphism between 46 selected genotypes revealing 107 alleles, of which 101 (99.4%) were polymorphic with gene diversity scores ranging from 0.103 to 0.669, averaging 0.386. Cluster and multidimensional scaling analysis revealed two distinct groups within the germplasm broadly corresponding to the two subspecies (hypogaea and fastigiata) of A. hypogaea. However, accessions of varieties peruviana and aequatoriana grouped together with the varieties from subsp. hypogaea, rather than grouping with the other varieties of subsp. fastigiata. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed that 15% of the total observed variation was accounted for by disease response groups. This analysis will be useful in the selection of parental genotypes for mapping populations and breeding programmes attempting to broaden the genetic base of future groundnut cultivars. In particular, this opens up significant opportunities for the development of intraspecific mapping populations that will be highly relevant to modern groundnut breeding programmes.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:bacterial wilt; genetic diversity; groundnut; SSRs
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees
Live Archive:19 Feb 2024 01:29
Last Modified:19 Feb 2024 01:29

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