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Effect of temperature on seed and fruit development in three mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars

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Sukhvibul, N., Whiley, A.W. and Smith, M. K. (2005) Effect of temperature on seed and fruit development in three mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae, 105 (4). pp. 467-474. ISSN 0304-4238

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2005.02.007


The effect of diurnal maximum/minimum (20/10 or 25/15 °C) temperatures on seed and fruit development of ‘Irwin’, ‘Kensington’ and ‘Nam Dok Mai’ mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) was studied in a controlled-environment glasshouse. Exposure to low temperatures (20/10 °C day/night) 3 days after hand pollination significantly increased the percentage of stenospermocarpic fruit (nubbins), in which embryos were aborted at some stage during early fruit development. There were significant differences between cultivars in the percentage of nubbins produced out of the total fruit set following overnight exposure to 10 °C with 21% for ‘Nam Dok Mai’, 11% for ‘Kensington’ and 3% for ‘Irwin’. At 45 days after pollination, nubbin fruits were much smaller in size and weighed ca. 50% less than normal fruits. The lower percentage of nubbin fruits in ‘Irwin’ implies a greater adaptation to cool temperatures by this cultivar during fruit set and early embryo development.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Low temperature, Mango, Nubbin fruit, Stenospermocarpy, Horticulture, Temperature effect, Mangifera indica
Subjects:Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Culture of individual fruits or types of fruit > Stonefruit
Plant culture > Horticulture. Horticultural crops
Live Archive:12 Feb 2024 05:10
Last Modified:12 Feb 2024 05:10

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