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Efficacy of new insecticides for management of Helicoverpa spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Australian grain crops

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Murray, D. A.H., Lloyd, R. J. and Hopkinson, J. E. (2005) Efficacy of new insecticides for management of Helicoverpa spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Australian grain crops. Australian Journal of Entomology, 44 (1). pp. 62-67. ISSN 1326-6756

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.2005.00422.x


Insecticide resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) has led to the reduced efficacy of some older insecticide groups (pyrethroids and carbamates) and serious crop losses. Eight small-plot experiments were conducted to evaluate new insecticides for the management of H. armigera in grain crops. Several products showed efficacy equivalent to or better than the commercial standard, thiodicarb. Indoxacarb and spinosad at rates 50% or less of the registered rates for cotton were consistently superior to other tested products across the range of crops treated and provided residual protection for up to 14 d. The insect growth regulator compound, methoxyfenozide, was slower acting than other products tested, but demonstrated potential for H. armigera management. Pyridalyl performed well and warrants further evaluation in grain crops. We discuss the positioning of new compounds in an Insecticide Resistance Management Strategy (IRMS) in relation to a farming system that incorporates both grain and cotton crops. Use guidelines are recommended for indoxacarb, the first new compound to be registered in selected grain crops and cotton in Australia. These guidelines include restricted-use periods and limits on the number of applications per crop. It is anticipated that additional new compounds will be registered in grain crops, leading to the reduced selection pressure on the limited number of efficacious products. Coordinated insecticide use across farming systems and compatibility with developing integrated pest management programs should be fundamental considerations for the future IRMS.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Economic entomology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
Live Archive:05 Feb 2024 01:08
Last Modified:05 Feb 2024 01:08

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