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Germination response of Phalaris paradoxa L. seed to different light qualities

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Taylor, I.N., Peters, N.C.B., Adkins, S. W. and Walker, S.R. (2004) Germination response of Phalaris paradoxa L. seed to different light qualities. Weed Research, 44 (4). pp. 254-264. ISSN 0043-1737

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2004.00397.x


The influence of different light regimes on the germination of Australian and English populations of Phalaris paradoxa L. (awned canary-grass) seed was investigated to determine the impact of changing tillage practices on weed infestation. Seeds of all biotypes were highly viable, but differed in levels of innate dormancy (26–99%). In one experiment seed from a single Australian biotype, either enclosed in the spikelet glumes or having the spikelet glumes removed, were exposed to nine light treatments. Germination was stimulated by red and white light, but was inhibited by far-red light. Time to 50% germination was less for seed enclosed in the spikelet glumes than for naked caryopses, although the final percentage of seed germinating when still enclosed in the spikelet glumes was significantly lower than for naked caryopses. In another experiment, six Australian and English biotypes with varying dormancy characteristics were exposed to eight light treatments. Red light did not stimulate germination in the deeply dormant biotype, however stimulated all other biotypes. Germination in darkness was below 20% in all biotypes except for one where germination was 51%. To overcome dormancy seeds were imbibed and placed in darkness at 16°C for either 7 or 14 days prior to exposure to red or white light for a single 15-min period. Dormancy in all biotypes was overcome indicating that a period of burial may decrease the dormancy level and increase seed sensitivity to light. This increased light sensitivity suggests that exposure to light during tillage may stimulate germination in P. paradoxa seed.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Live Archive:02 Feb 2024 00:39
Last Modified:02 Feb 2024 00:39

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