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Levamisole can reduce bait monopolization in wild red foxes Vulpes vulpes

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Gentle, M. N., Massei, G. and Saunders, G. R. (2004) Levamisole can reduce bait monopolization in wild red foxes Vulpes vulpes. Mammal Review, 34 (4). pp. 325-330. ISSN 1365-2907

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.2004.00049.x


1. Baits are used worldwide to deliver vaccines, contraceptives and poison to wild animal species. In carnivores, multiple bait uptake and bait monopolization by dominant individuals may reduce baiting effectiveness. This study investigated whether a conditioned-taste-aversion agent, levamisole, can be used to decrease bait consumption by individual wild foxes Vulpes vulpes.

2. The results indicated that after consuming levamisole-treated baits, foxes avoided eating treated baits but consumed untreated baits. We concluded that the reduction in bait consumption was achieved through learned aversion to levamisole rather than via conditioned-taste-aversion to baits. Adding levamisole to baits could potentially be used to reduce bait monopolization by individual wild foxes.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Animals > Animal control and ecology
Live Archive:01 Feb 2024 01:32
Last Modified:01 Feb 2024 01:32

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