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Rootstocks influence 'Hass' avocado fruit quality and fruit minerals

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Marques, J. R., Hofman, P.J. and Wearing, A.H. (2003) Rootstocks influence 'Hass' avocado fruit quality and fruit minerals. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 78 (5). pp. 673-679. ISSN 1462-0316

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2003.11511683


To determine the potential for rootstocks to improve avocado quality, ‘Hass’ fruit from trees on seedling ‘Velvick’ (SV), clonal ‘Velvick’ (CV) or clonal ‘Duke 7’ (CD) rootstocks were harvested in 1999 and 2000, ripened at 20°C immediately after harvest (non-stored) or stored at 5°C for four weeks (stored), and then fruit quality and mineral concentrations determined. In 2000, non-stored CV fruit had lower severity of body rots (5% of flesh volume affected, caused mainly by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) than CD fruit (20%), while body rots severity in stored CV fruit was 20% compared with 38% in stored CD fruit. Stored CV fruit had less severe diffuse discoloration (3% and 9% in 1999 and 2000, respectively) than CD fruit (7% and 20%, respectively). Stored CV fruit also had less severe vascular browning (19%) than CD fruit (33%) in 2000. In both seasons, CV fruit had 15–19% higher flesh calcium concentrations, 17–22% higher flesh boron concentrations, and 14–15% lower flesh nitrogen concentrations than CD fruit. In 2000, CV fruit also had 27% more skin calcium and 14% less skin nitrogen than CD fruit. There were no effects of rootstock on yield, canopy volume, measured length of non-suberized roots, average fruit weight, fruit length: width ratio, skin thickness, dry matter, proportion of the fruit skin purple-black when ripe, or seed mass: fruit weight ratio. These results suggest that there is potential to improve ‘Hass’ avocado quality through rootstock selection, and that tree and fruit mineral concentrations have a role in this relationship.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:29 Jan 2024 05:04
Last Modified:29 Jan 2024 05:04

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