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Macropodid herpesvirus 1 encodes genes for both thymidylate synthase and ICP34.5

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Guliani, S., Polkinghorne, I., Smith, G. A., Young, P., Mattick, J. S. and Mahony, T. J. (2002) Macropodid herpesvirus 1 encodes genes for both thymidylate synthase and ICP34.5. Virus Genes, 24 . pp. 207-213. ISSN 1572-994X

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015396430131


Macropodid herpesvirus 1 (MaHV-1) is an unclassified alphaherpesvirus linked with the fatal infections of kangaroos and other marsupials. During the characterisation of the internal repeat region of MaHV-1, an open reading frame (ORF) encoding for thymidylate synthase (TS) gene was identified and completely sequenced. Southern blot analysis confirmed the presence of two copies of the TS gene in the MaHV-1 genome as expected. Computer analysis of the TS ORF showed it was 948 nucleotides in length. A putative polyadenylation signal was identified 17–22 bp inside the ORF implying a minimal or absent 3′ untranslated region. The predicted polypeptide was 316 amino acid residues in length and contained the highly conserved motifs for folate binding and F-dUMP binding, typical of all TS enzymes. Interestingly, MaHV-1 TS polypeptide had highest similarity to the human TS polypeptide (81%) compared to the TS polypeptides of other herpesviruses (72–75%). Immediately upstream of the TS gene, a second ORF of 510 bp, encoding a polypeptide with 170 amino acid residues, was identified. The carboxyl domain of this MaHV-1 polypeptide shared 68% similarity to a 59 amino acid motif of human herpesvirus 1 ICP34.5, identifying it as the MaHV-1 ICP34.5 homologue. This is the first report of a herpesvirus that encodes for both TS and ICP34.5.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Science > Zoology > Chordates. Vertebrates > Mammals > Marsupialia. Marsupials
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary virology
Live Archive:18 Jan 2024 01:07
Last Modified:18 Jan 2024 01:07

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