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An evaluation of the apxIVA based PCR-REA method for differentiation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

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Turni, C. and Blackall, P.J. (2007) An evaluation of the apxIVA based PCR-REA method for differentiation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Veterinary Microbiology, 121 (1-2). pp. 163-169.


Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.11.016

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com


A restriction analysis of PCR (PCR-REA) amplified apxIVA gene has been suggested as an alternative method for serotyping of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae by Jaglic et al. [Jaglic, Z., Svastova, P., Rychlik, I., Nedbalcova, K., Kucerova, Z., Pavlik, I., Bartos, M., 2004. Differentiation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae by PCR-REA based on sequence variability of the apxIVA gene and by ribotyping. Vet. Microbiol. 103, 63-69]. The current study investigated whether this alternative method could distinguish between the reference strains of serovars 13-15 and the value of the method when applied to 47 field isolates representing serovars 1-3, 5, 7-9, 12 and 15 as well as non-typable isolates. The reference strains of serovars 13 and 14 had the same sized product after the apxIVA PCR, while the product for serovar 15 was of different size compared to all the other serovar reference strains. The CfoI digest profiles of the reference serovars 13 and 14 strains were different from each other and from all other serovars. The HpaII digest profiles of these two serovars were very similar to each other, but both were distinctively different from the other serovar profiles. The CfoI digest profile of serovar 15 strain was very similar to the serovars 3 and 12 strains except for two faint extra bands for serovar 15. The HpaII digest profiles of serovars 12 and 15 reference strains were identical. The PCR-REA method correctly recognized the serovar of 21 of 43 field isolates. It was concluded that the method was a useful additional tool to support, but could not replace, conventional serotyping.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Animal Science
Additional Information:Author version © Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. © Elsevier. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.
Keywords:Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae; ApxIVA; CfoI; HpaII; PCR-REA.
Subjects:Science > Science (General)
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Live Archive:26 Jan 2009 23:05
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:47

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