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Collection, seminal characteristics and chilled storage of spermatozoa from three species of free-range flying fox (Pteropus spp.)

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de Jong, C., Jonsson, N., Field, H., Smith, C. S., Crichton, E. G., Phillips, N. and Johnston, S. D. (2005) Collection, seminal characteristics and chilled storage of spermatozoa from three species of free-range flying fox (Pteropus spp.). Theriogenology, 64 (5). pp. 1072-1089. ISSN 0093-691X

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2005.02.0...

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0093691X05000592


This study reports observations on the collection and characteristics of semen from free-range populations of flying fox in Brisbane, Australia. Semen was successfully recovered by electroejaculation from 107 of 115 wild flying foxes (Pteropus alecto, Pteropus poliocephalus and Pteropus scapulatus). A proportion of ejaculates collected from all three species contained seminal vesicle secretions, the incidence of which appeared related to breeding season. Ejaculate volume was small (5–160μL), requiring a specialised collection vessel and immediate extension to avoid desiccation. Sperm morphological abnormalities and characteristics are described for the first time. In two species (P. scapulatus and P. alecto), sperm quality varied with breeding season. Dilution in Tris–citrate–fructose buffer and subsequent incubation (37°C) of Pteropus semen for 2–3h appeared to have a negative impact on sperm motility and the percentage of sperm with intact plasma membranes and acrosomes and represents a concern for the potential development and use of assisted breeding technology in these species. Preliminary attempts to develop a short-term chilled preservation protocol for flying fox semen revealed that sperm viability (percentage motility and percentage live sperm with intact acrosomes) was significantly reduced after 102h chilled storage at 5°C; nevertheless, approximately 40% of the spermatozoa were still motile and contained intact acrosomes. Glycerol was neither protective nor detrimental to sperm survival during chilled storage. Microbial flora of the prepuce, urethra and semen of all species were isolated and their antibiotic susceptibility tested. Tetracycline, penicillin, ciprofloxacin, and ceftazidime were the most effective antibiotics in preventing growth of all identified bacteria; however, their effects on sperm survival were not investigated.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Flying fox Semen Electroejaculation Spermatozoa
Subjects:Science > Biology > Reproduction
Science > Zoology > Chordates. Vertebrates > Mammals
Animal culture > Small animal culture
Live Archive:23 Oct 2023 01:27
Last Modified:23 Oct 2023 01:27

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