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A novel stem-applied herbicide-capsule methodology for control of the invasive cactus Cereus uruguayanus

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Bradburn, L., Campbell, S. C., Mellor, V. and Galea, V. (2023) A novel stem-applied herbicide-capsule methodology for control of the invasive cactus Cereus uruguayanus. Rangeland Journal, 44 (6). pp. 289-297.


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/RJ22022


Cereus uruguayanus R.Kiesling is a naturalised, non-opuntioid cactus that has formed large and dense infestations at several locations in the northern Australian rangelands. Of the Cactoideae subfamily, it typically grows into a large, spiny, single- or multi-stemmed candelabra-shaped cactus. While not classified as a Weed of National Significance (WONS) in Australia, it is causing increasing concern, with some local governments declaring it under their local laws. Recent research has identified several herbicides that control C. uruguayanus by using a range of techniques, including basal-bark, cut-stump, foliar, and stem injection applications. Of these, stem injection is one of the recommended options where weeds grow among desirable vegetation because the risk of non-target damage is minimised. This study evaluated C. uruguayanus control using a range of encapsulated dry-formulation herbicides from BioHerbicides Australia (BHA Pty Ltd), using their novel stem-implantation system (Injecta®). In May 2018, an experiment was established in central Queensland to compare the efficacy of six encapsulated herbicides (aminopyralid + metsulfuron-methyl, clopyralid, glyphosate, hexazinone, metsulfuron-methyl, triclopyr + picloram) against an untreated control. Glyphosate was the fastest-acting herbicide, followed by aminopyralid + metsulfuron-methyl and metsulfuron-methyl, with triclopyr + picloram much slower to act. Nevertheless, all four herbicides eventually caused high mortality (≥85%). In contrast, clopyralid and hexazinone were ineffective at the applied rates. Future research is recommended to compare the cost effectiveness of this system against other techniques, particularly those used for stem-injection applications. © 2023 The Author(s).

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:cactus capsule Cereus uruguayanus control granular herbicide implant invasive night blooming cereus Peruvian apple cactus weed Willows cactus
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Effect of herbicides
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Live Archive:28 Aug 2023 05:47
Last Modified:11 Apr 2024 05:55

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