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Effect of biochar on the form transformation of heavy metals in paddy soil under different water regimes

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Chen, L., Guo, L., Ali, A., Zhou, Q., Liu, M., Zhan, S., Pan, X. and Zeng, Y. (2023) Effect of biochar on the form transformation of heavy metals in paddy soil under different water regimes. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 69 (3). pp. 387-398. ISSN 0365-0340

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2021.2000966


To ascertain the effect of biochar on remediation of paddy soil contaminated by heavy metals under different irrigation regimes (flooding irrigation (FI), intermittent irrigation (II) and wet irrigation (WI)), rice straw biochar (RSB) and rice husk biochar (RHB) were applied into soil contaminated by Cd and Cu. The concentrations of available Cd and Cu were significantly reduced by RSB, and decreased by 6.8?15.9%, 11.1?20.0% and 6.8?18.2%, and 6.2?12.9%, 7.0?14.8% and 5.6?17.7% under FI, II and WI regimes, respectively. The application of RHB generally reduced the content of acid extractable and reducible Cd under FI and II regimes, and promoted its transformation to oxidizable and residual form. Similarly, both biochars reduced the acid extractable Cu in paddy soil and promoted its transformation to reducible and oxidizable form under three irrigation regimes (especially in II). This is significantly related to the increase of soil pH, organic matter content and cation exchange capacity by biochar. The preliminary results of this study indicate that biochar application combined with intermittent irrigation could be an effective measure to enhance the paddy soil quality. However, future studies are still needed to evaluate the long-term impact of biochar on heavy metal bioavailability under different water conditions.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Improvement, reclamation, fertilisation, irrigation etc., of lands (Melioration)
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soil conservation and protection
Plant culture
Live Archive:05 Jul 2023 06:13
Last Modified:05 Jul 2023 06:13

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