Login | Request Account (DAF staff only)

Translocation of fungicides and their efficacy in controlling Phellinus noxius, the cause of brown root rot disease

View Altmetrics

Liao, T.-Z., Chen, Y.-H., Tsai, J.-N., Chao, C., Huang, T.-P., Hong, C.-F., Wu, Z.-C., Tsai, I. J., Lee, H.-H., Klopfenstein, N. B., Kim, M.-S., Stewart, J. E., Atibalentja, N., Brooks, F. E., Cannon, P., Mohd Farid, A., Hattori, T., Kwan, H.-S., Lam, Y.-C. R., Ota, Y., Sahashi, N., Schlub, R. L., Shuey, L. S., Tang, A. M. C. and Chung, C.-L. (2022) Translocation of fungicides and their efficacy in controlling Phellinus noxius, the cause of brown root rot disease. Plant Disease (ja). null.

Full text not currently attached. Access may be available via the Publisher's website or OpenAccess link.

Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-22-1285-RE

Abstract

Brown root rot disease (BRRD), caused by Phellinus noxius, is an important tree disease in tropical/subtropical areas. To improve chemical control of BRRD and deter emergence of fungicide resistance in P. noxius, this study investigated control efficacies and systemic activities of fungicides with different modes of action. Fourteen fungicides with 11 different modes of action were tested for inhibitory effects in vitro on 39 P. noxius isolates from Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Australia, and Pacific Islands. Cyproconazole, epoxiconazole, and tebuconazole (FRAC 3, target-site G1) inhibited colony growth of P. noxius by 99.9 to 100% at 10 ppm and 97.7 to 99.8% at 1 ppm. The other effective fungicide was cyprodinil + fludioxonil (FRAC 9 + 12, target-site D1 + E2), which showed growth inhibition of 96.9% at 10 ppm and 88.6% at 1 ppm. Acropetal translocation of six selected fungicides was evaluated in bishop wood (Bischofia javanica) seedlings by immersion of the root tips in 100 ppm of each fungicide, followed by liquid or gas chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry analyses of consecutive segments of root, stem, and leaf tissues at 7- and 21-days post-treatment. Bi-directional translocation of the fungicides was also evaluated by stem injection of fungicide solutions. Cyproconazole and tebuconazole were the most readily absorbed by roots and efficiently transported acropetally. Greenhouse experiments suggested that cyproconazole, tebuconazole, and epoxiconazole have a slightly higher potential for controlling BRRD than mepronil, prochloraz, and cyprodinil + fludioxonil. Because all tested fungicides lacked basipetal translocation, soil drenching should be considered instead of trunk injection for their use in BRRD control.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Science > Botany > Plant ecology
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Forestry > Research. Experimentation
Forestry > Conservation and protection
Deposited On:30 Nov 2022 02:54
Last Modified:30 Nov 2022 02:54

Repository Staff Only: item control page