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Competition: A Missing Component of Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Risk Assessment and Planning

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Clarke, A. R. and Measham, P. F. (2022) Competition: A Missing Component of Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Risk Assessment and Planning. Insects, 13 (11). p. 1065. ISSN 2075-4450

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13111065

Abstract

Tephritid fruit flies are internationally significant pests of horticulture. Because they are also highly invasive and of major quarantine concern, significant effort is placed in developing full or partial pest risk assessments (PRAs) for fruit flies, while large investments can be made for their control. Competition between fruit fly species, driven by the need to access and utilise fruit for larval development, has long been recognised by researchers as a fundamental component of fruit fly biology, but is entirely absent from the fruit fly PRA literature and appears not be considered in major initiative planning. First presenting a summary of the research data which documents fruit fly competition, this paper then identifies four major effects of fruit fly competition that could impact a PRA or large-scale initiative: (i) numerical reduction of an existing fruit fly pest species following competitive displacement by an invasive fruit fly; (ii) displacement of a less competitive fruit fly pest species in space, time or host; (iii) ecological resistance to fruit fly invasion in regions already with competitively dominant fruit fly species; and (iv) lesser-pest fruit fly resurgence following control of a competitively superior species. From these four major topics, six more detailed issues are identified, with each of these illustrated by hypothetical, but realistic biosecurity scenarios from Australia/New Zealand and Europe. The scenarios identify that the effects of fruit fly competition might both positively or negatively affect the predicted impacts of an invasive fruit fly or targeted fruit fly control initiative. Competition as a modifier of fruit fly risk needs to be recognised by policy makers and incorporated into fruit fly PRAs and major investment initiatives.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Tephritidae; fruit fly; invasion; competition; pest risk analysis; risk assessment
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Animals > Impact assessment
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:22 Nov 2022 04:55
Last Modified:22 Nov 2022 04:55

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