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Taxonomic Delineation of the Old World Species Stomphastis thraustica (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) Feeding on Jatropha gossypiifolia (Euphorbiaceae) that Was Collected in the New World and Imported as a Biocontrol Agent to Australia

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De Prins, J., Taylor, D. B. J., Gonzalez, G. F., Dobson, J., Hereward, J. P., Shi, B., Rahman, M. M. and Dhileepan, K. (2022) Taxonomic Delineation of the Old World Species Stomphastis thraustica (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) Feeding on Jatropha gossypiifolia (Euphorbiaceae) that Was Collected in the New World and Imported as a Biocontrol Agent to Australia. Neotropical Entomology . ISSN 1678-8052

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-022-00994-3

Abstract

We provide the identification and species delineation of this biocontrol agent as Stomphastis thraustica (Meyrick in Trans Ent Soc Lond 80(1):107–120, 1908) belonging to the family Gracillariidae. We clarify the distribution pattern of S. thraustica, its host plant preferences, and present taxonomic and molecular diagnoses based on original morphological and genetic data as well as data retrieved from historic literature and genetic databases. Following our own collecting efforts in three continents Africa, South America, and Australia as well as our study of historic museum collection material, we present many new distribution records of S. thraustica for countries and territories in the world including the new discovery of this species in the Neotropical region and we report its introduction in Australia as a biocontrol agent. Using mitogenomic and COI gene data, we clarified that the closest relative of S. thraustica is Stomphastis sp. that occurs in Madagascar and Australia and feeds on the same host plant as S. thraustica – Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae). The molecular sequence divergence in the mitochondrial DNA barcode fragment between these two closely related species S. thraustica and Stomphastis sp. is over 5.7% supporting that they are different species.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Species delineation Biocontrol agent New records Transcontinental distribution
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Deposited On:02 Nov 2022 06:38
Last Modified:22 Nov 2022 23:04

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