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Effect of temperature on growth, dry matter production and starch accumulation in ten mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars

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Whiley, A. W., Rasmussen, T. S., Saranah, J. B. and Wolstenholme, B. N. (1989) Effect of temperature on growth, dry matter production and starch accumulation in ten mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars. Journal of Horticultural Science, 64 (6). pp. 753-765. ISSN 0022-1589

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.1989.11516018


SummaryTen mango cultivars of tropical and subtropical origin (Carabao, Kensington, Nam Dok Mai, Alphonso, Dashehari, Florigon, Glenn, Irwin, Haden and Sensation) were grafted onto cv. Kensington seedling rootstock and held at four day/night temperatures for 20 weeks (15/10°C, 20/15°C, 25/20°C and 30/25°C). Vegetative growth increased with increasing temperatures. All grew vegetatively at 25/20°C and 30/25°C. Cultivars which did not grow at 20/15°C were Carabao, Kensington and Dashehari. Cultivars Kensington, Nam Dok Mai, Alphonso, Florigon, Glenn, Irwin, Haden and Sensation produced flower panicles at 15/10°C. The rise in temperature increased the average number of growth flushes (in responsive cultivars) from 0.48 at 15/10°C to 3.21 at 30/25°C, and the number of leaves per growth flush (1.22 at 15/10°C to 13.63 at 30/25°C). Distribution of dry matter from new growth was mostly to the roots at the lowest temperature (95% at 15/10°C) and to the leaves (58%) at 30/25°C. The mean daily temperature for zero vegetative growth was calculated to be 15°C. Temperature and related growth activity also affected the concentration of starch in the woody tissue of rootstock trunks at the end of 20 weeks (15.9% starch at 15/10°C v. 4.8% starch at 30/25°C). ?Irwin? had the highest starch concentration at the two higher temperatures (twice that of any other cultivar at 30/25°C) while ?Kensington? the lowest starch level at 25/20°C, ca. 50% of most other cultivars.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural meteorology. Crops and climate
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Tree crops
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Horticulture. Horticultural crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:31 Oct 2022 05:22
Last Modified:31 Oct 2022 05:22

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