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Fusarium wilt of cotton: Population diversity and implications for management

Davis, R.M., Colyer, P.D., Rothrock, C.S. and Kochman, J.K. (2006) Fusarium wilt of cotton: Population diversity and implications for management. Plant Disease, 90 (6). pp. 692-703.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-0692

Publisher URL: http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/

Abstract

Fusarium wilt of cotton, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum Schlechtend. f. sp. vasinfectum (Atk.) Snyd. & Hans, was first identified in 1892 in cotton growing in sandy acid soils in Alabama (8). Although the disease was soon discovered in other major cotton-producing areas, it did not become global until the end of the next century. After its original discovery, Fusarium wilt of cotton was reported in Egypt (1902) (30), India (1908) (60), Tanzania (1954) (110), California (1959) (33), Sudan (1960) (44), Israel (1970) (27), Brazil (1978) (5), China (1981) (17), and Australia (1993) (56). In addition to a worldwide distribution, Fusarium wilt occurs in all four of the domesticated cottons, Gossypium arboretum L., G. barbadense L., G. herbaceum L., and G. hirsutum L. (4,30). Disease losses in cotton are highly variable within a country or region. In severely infested fields planted with susceptible cultivars, yield losses can be high. In California, complete crop losses in individual fields have been observed (R. M. Davis, unpublished). Disease loss estimates prepared by the National Cotton Disease Council indicate losses of over 109,000 bales (227 kg or 500 lb) in the United States in 2004 (12).

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:© The American Phytopathological Society.
Keywords:Meloidogyne incognita; f-sp vasinfectum; root knot nematode; United States; vegetative compatibility; disease complex; soil solarisation; pathogenic races; sting nematodes; resistance.
Subjects:Science > Botany > Cryptogams
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees > Cotton
Deposited On:30 Jan 2009 03:29
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:43

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