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Utility of multi-omics data to inform genomic prediction of heifer fertility traits

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Tahir, M. S., Porto-Neto, L. R., Reverter, A., Olasege, B. S., Sajid, M. R., Wockner, K. B., Tan, A. W. L. and Fortes, M. R. S. (2022) Utility of multi-omics data to inform genomic prediction of heifer fertility traits. Journal of Animal Science . ISSN 1525-3163

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skac340


Biologically informed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) impact genomic prediction accuracy of the target traits. Our previous genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics work identified candidate genes related to puberty and fertility in Brahman heifers. We aimed to test this biological information for capturing heritability and predicting heifer fertility traits in another breed i.e., Tropical Composite. The SNP from the identified genes including 10 kilobases (kb) region on either side were selected as biologically informed SNP set. The SNP from the rest of the Bos taurus genes including10 kb region on either side were selected as biologically uninformed SNP set. Bovine high-density (HD) complete SNP set (628,323 SNP) was used as a control. Two populations – Tropical Composites (n=1331) and Brahman (n=2310) – had records for 3 traits: pregnancy after first mating season (PREG1, binary), first conception score (FCS, score 1 to 3), and rebreeding score (REB, score 1 to 3.5). Using best linear unbiased prediction method, effectiveness of each SNP set to predict the traits was tested in two scenarios: a five-fold cross-validation within Tropical Composites using biological information from Brahman studies, and application of prediction equations from one breed to the other. The accuracy of prediction was calculated as the correlation between genomic estimated breeding values and adjusted phenotypes. Results show that biologically informed SNP set estimated heritabilities not significantly better than the control HD complete SNP set in Tropical Composites; however, it captured all the observed genetic variance in PREG1 and FCS when modeled together with the biologically uninformed SNP set. In five-fold cross-validation within Tropical Composites, the biologically informed SNP set performed marginally better (statistically insignificant) in terms of prediction accuracies (PREG1: 0.20, FCS: 0.13, and REB: 0.12) as compared to HD complete SNP set (PREG1: 0.17, FCS: 0.10, and REB: 0.11), and biologically uninformed SNP set (PREG1: 0.16, FCS: 0.10, and REB: 0.11). Across-breed use of prediction equations still remained a challenge: accuracies by all SNP sets dropped to around zero for all traits. The performance of biologically informed SNP was not significantly better than other sets in Tropical Composites. However, results indicate that biological information obtained from Brahman was successful to predict the fertility traits in Tropical Composite population.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Science > Biology > Reproduction
Animal culture > Breeding and breeds
Animal culture > Cattle
Live Archive:18 Oct 2022 04:49
Last Modified:18 Oct 2022 04:49

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