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Crown rot and common root rot in wheat grown under different tillage and stubble treatments in southern Queensland, Australia

Wildermuth, G. B., Thomas, G. A., Radford, B. J., McNamara, R. B. and Kelly, A. M. (1997) Crown rot and common root rot in wheat grown under different tillage and stubble treatments in southern Queensland, Australia. Soil and Tillage Research, 44 (3). pp. 211-224. ISSN 0167-1987

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(97)00054-8

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198797000548

Abstract

In southern Queensland, crown rot caused by Fusarium graminearum Group 1 and common root rot caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana are common soilborne diseases of wheat and barley. The incidence of these diseases was measured in the susceptible wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar, Hartog which was grown under no tillage, reduced tillage (two tillage operations plus herbicides) and where stubble was retained or removed by burning (1984–1986) or physically removed (1987–1993). Primary tillage was with blade, disc or chisel implements. The level of crown rot and common root rot was higher where stubble was retained than where it was removed. There was a significant interaction in incidence of crown rot between stubble management and some types of tillage. Where there was no tillage, incidence of crown rot was significantly higher where stubble was retained (32.2%) than where it was removed (4.7%) whereas under disc tillage, there was no significant difference in disease level between stubble treatments (12–17%). Incidence of crown rot was not affected by the type of tillage employed. The incidence of deadheads (heads without grain) caused by crown rot was lowest in the no tillage plots (4.3%) and highest in the reduced (19.3%) and conventional (12.2%) disc tillage stubble retained treatments. Available soil water (depth of 1.2 m) at sowing and anthesis was lowest in the conventional disc stubble retained plots and highest in the no tillage stubble retained plots. It is hypothesised that the high levels of deadheads were due to moderate to high levels of disease and low available soil water at planting and anthesis. Although incidence of crown rot was high under no tillage, incidence of deadheads was lower than in other treatments due to the higher availability of soil water. Severity of common root rot was lower in stubble removed, than in stubble retained, treatments and also lower in no tillage than in any of the other tillage treatments.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Wheat Crown rot Stubble Tillage
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Field crops > Wheat
Plant pests and diseases
Agriculture > By region or country > Australia > Queensland
Deposited On:09 Jun 2022 04:13
Last Modified:09 Jun 2022 04:13

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