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The Effects of the Addition of Surfactants and the Machining Method on the Adhesive Bond Quality of Spotted Gum Glue-laminated Beams

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Leggate, W., Outhwaite, A., McGavin, R. L., Gilbert, B. P. and Gunalan, S. (2022) The Effects of the Addition of Surfactants and the Machining Method on the Adhesive Bond Quality of Spotted Gum Glue-laminated Beams. BioResources, 17 (2). pp. 3413-3434. ISSN 1930-2126

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.17.2.3413-3434

Abstract

The effects of adding surfactants to polyurethane and resorcinol formaldehyde adhesives were tested relative to the gluability of spotted gum timber for structural glue-laminated beams (Glulam). While previous attempts to improve the bond performance of this very difficult to glue timber have focused primarily on timber surface preparations, this study concentrated on lowering the adhesive surface tension through added surfactants to improve the adhesive-timber surface wetting. Accordingly, 44 glulam samples were manufactured using polyurethane and resorcinol formaldehyde adhesives, with eight surfactant formulations and two different pre-gluing surface machining methods, i.e., face milling and planing. Although the surfactants were successful in drastically lowering the adhesive surface tension and improving adhesive spreading, none of the surfactant formulations tested were successful in improving the glulam adhesive bond qualities. Overall, the surfactant formulations produced considerably higher delamination, lower shear strength, and lower wood fibre failure compared to the control samples; therefore, they are not a viable solution to improve the gluing of spotted gum. The resorcinol formaldehyde adhesive and face milling produced considerably better results compared to the polyurethane adhesives and conventional planing.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Wood adhesion; Surface tension; Surface machining; Glulam; Corymbia citriodora; Spotted gum plantations
Subjects:Forestry > Research. Experimentation
Forestry > Forestry machinery and engineering
Forestry > Tools and implements
Forestry > Exploitation and utilization
Deposited On:19 May 2022 05:35
Last Modified:19 May 2022 05:35

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