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Cereal and Pulse Crops with Improved Resistance to Pratylenchus thornei Are Needed to Maximize Wheat Production and Expand Crop Sequence Options

Owen, K. J., Clewett, T. G., Bell, K. L. and Thompson, J. P. (2022) Cereal and Pulse Crops with Improved Resistance to Pratylenchus thornei Are Needed to Maximize Wheat Production and Expand Crop Sequence Options. Agronomy, 12 (3). p. 573. ISSN 2073-4395

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12030573

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/12/3/573

Abstract

n the subtropical grain region of eastern Australia, two experiments were conducted, one initially with 2490 P. thornei/kg soil, the other with 8150 P. thornei/kg soil at 0–0.9 m soil depth. We determined the effect of P. thornei, residual from a weed-free fallow and pre-cropping with several cultivars each of barley (Hordeum vulgare), faba bean (Vicia faba), chickpea (Cicer arietinum), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) (Phase 1), on the growth of wheat cultivars with intolerance or tolerance to P. thornei (Phase 2). Pratylenchus thornei substantially increased after growing all cultivars of the Phase 1 faba bean, barley, and most cultivars of chickpea and wheat, and decreased after two moderately resistant wheat cultivars and the fallow treatment. The biomass of the Phase 2 tolerant cultivar ranged from 5070 to 6780 kg/ha and the intolerant cultivar 1020 to 4740 kg/ha. There was a negative linear relationship between P. thornei population densities and biomass of the Phase 2 intolerant cultivar but not of the tolerant cultivar. Growers are at risk of financial loss because they are restricted in their choice of crops to reduce damaging population densities of P. thornei. The development of resistant and tolerant crop genotypes can maximize production in P. thornei-affected farming systems.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Triticum aestivum; chickpea; barley; faba bean; weed-free fallow; root-lesion nematode
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:10 Mar 2022 06:33
Last Modified:10 Mar 2022 06:33

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