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Genotypic variation in cardinal temperatures and thermal time for germination and seedling emergence of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]

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Mahendraraj, S., Collins, M., Chauhan, Y., Mellor, V. and Rachaputi, R. C. N. (2021) Genotypic variation in cardinal temperatures and thermal time for germination and seedling emergence of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. Experimental Results, 2 . e39.

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1017/exp.2021.31

Publisher URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/article/genotypic-variation-in-cardinal-temperatures-and-thermal-time-for-germination-and-seedling-emergence-of-pigeonpea-cajanus-cajan-l-millsp/268D31BFFBF65726A1B6C036B2C438BB

Abstract

In this study, we define the cardinal temperatures and thermal time for germination and emergence of pigeonpea genotypes. Seeds of six genotypes were subjected to constant temperatures ranging between 5 ℃ and 50 ℃ in petri-dishes with filter paper (germination) and with media (emergence) were placed in a thermal gradient plate. A non-linear bent-stick model fitted to the rate of development to germination and emergence resulted in parameters predicting cardinal temperatures including base (Tb), optimum (To), maximum (Tm) and thermal time. Estimated Tb for 50 % germination and emergence were 8.4 ℃ and 10.8 ℃ respectively, with no significant differences between genotypes. Optimum temperatures were 33.8 ℃ and 37.9 ℃ for germination and emergence respectively, with genotypes differing significantly. Thermal time for 50 % germination and emergence varied significantly among genotypes. The results suggest that genotypic responses to the temperature that is typical for their tropical origin and hence their suitability for cropping in sub-tropical Australia.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Base temperature, Thermal gradient plate, Bent-stick model
Subjects:Plant culture
Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
Plant culture > Propagation
Plant culture > Field crops
Plant culture > Field crops > Forage crops. Feed crops
Deposited On:14 Dec 2021 01:54
Last Modified:12 Jan 2022 03:27

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