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Serologic evidence for the presence in Pteropus bats of a paramyxovirus related to equine morbillivirus

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Young, P. L., Halpin, K., Selleck, P. W., Field, H., Gravel, J. L., Kelly, M. A. and Mackenzie, J. S. (1996) Serologic evidence for the presence in Pteropus bats of a paramyxovirus related to equine morbillivirus. Emerging infectious diseases, 2 (3). pp. 239-240. ISSN 1080-60401080-6059


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0203.960315


Two outbreaks of a previously unknown disease in horses and humans occurred in Queensland in 1994. The outbreaks occurred within 1 month of each other in Brisbane and Mackay, which are approximately 1000 km apart. In the Brisbane incident, 21 horses were infected of which 14 died or were euthanized after severe clinical signs of an acute
respiratory disease. Two human cases were in patients with less well defined clinical signs; one patient died (1,2). In the Mackay incident two horses became seriously ill and died, and one person also died (3). Although it is now known that the two outbreaks occurred in August and September 1994, knowledge of the Mackay outbreak did not occur until late 1995 when the infected person died of a relapsing encephalitis. The name equine morbillivirus (EMV) has been proposed for a paramyxovirus isolated from four of the Brisbane horses and the first patient who died (2).

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland, Animal Science
Keywords:Animals Chiroptera/*microbiology Disease Outbreaks/*veterinary Female Horse Diseases/*virology Horses Humans Morbillivirus Infections/transmission/*veterinary Pregnancy Queensland/epidemiology Respirovirus/*isolation & purification
Subjects:Animal culture > Small animal culture
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary virology
Veterinary medicine > Communicable diseases of animals (General)
Live Archive:24 Nov 2021 04:30
Last Modified:16 Jan 2023 00:21

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