Login | Request Account (DAF staff only)

Unique physicochemical properties and rare reducing sugar trehalulose mandate new international regulation for stingless bee honey

Zawawi, N., Zhang, J., Hungerford, N. L., S. A. Yates, H., Webber, D. C., Farrell, M., Tinggi, U., Bhandari, B. and Fletcher, M. T. (2021) Unique physicochemical properties and rare reducing sugar trehalulose mandate new international regulation for stingless bee honey. Food Chemistry . p. 131566. ISSN 0308-8146

Full text not currently attached. Access may be available via the Publisher's website or OpenAccess link.

Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.131566

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814621025723

Abstract

Stingless bee honey (SBH) of four stingless bee species (Heterotrigona itama, Geniotrigona thoracica, Tetragonula carbonaria, and Tetragonula hockingsi) from two geographic regions (Malaysia and Australia, n=36) were studied for their physicochemical parameters, including total phenolic and multi-elemental contents. Sugar analysis confirmed the prominent presence of trehalulose in all samples. All SBH failed to meet the CODEX Standard for honey moisture, free acidity, and total fructose plus glucose levels. One-way ANOVA, principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical component analysis (HCA) confirm distinctive differences between Australian and Malaysian SBH having significantly (P<0.05) higher pH, total phenolic, total mineral, and electrical conductivity attributes. Toxic elements in all SBH were much lower than standard CODEX limit. The species G. thoracica produced honey with significantly (P<0.05) higher trehalulose than both Australian bee species. This research will add value to SBH and hasten new international standards ensuring commercial viability, safety, quality, and marketability of SBH.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Stingless bee honey physicochemical properties trehalulose honey standard
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant pests and diseases > Economic entomology
Animal culture > Insect culture and beneficial insects
Animal culture > Insect culture and beneficial insects > Bee culture
Deposited On:16 Nov 2021 03:54
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 03:54

Repository Staff Only: item control page