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Potential exposure to Australian bat lyssavirus, Queensland,1996-1999

McCall, B. J., Epstein, J. H., Neill, A. S., Heel, K., Field, H., Barrett, J. L., Smith, G. A., Selvey, L. A., Rodwell, B. and Lunt, R. (2000) Potential exposure to Australian bat lyssavirus, Queensland,1996-1999. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 6 (3). pp. 259-264.

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Abstract

Two human deaths caused by Australian bat lyssavirus (ABL) infection have been reported since 1996. Information was obtained from 205 persons (mostly adults from south Brisbane and the South Coast of Queensland), who reported potential ABL exposure to the Brisbane Southside Public Health Unit from November 1,1996, to January 31, 1999. Volunteer animal handlers accounted for 39% of potential exposures, their family members for 12%, professional animal handlers for 14%, community members who intentionally handled bats for 31%, and community members with contacts initiated by bats for 4%. The prevalence of Lyssavirus detected by fluorescent antibody test in 366 sick, injured, or orphaned bats from the area was 6%. Sequelae of exposure, including the requirement for expensive postexposure prophylaxis, may be reduced by educating bat handlers and the public of the risks involved in handling Australian bats.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:rabies immunoglobulin article Australia bat environmental exposure health education human infection risk nonhuman Rabies virus risk assessment seroprevalence virus infection
Subjects:Animal culture > Small animal culture
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary virology
Veterinary medicine > Communicable diseases of animals (General)
Deposited On:27 Oct 2021 04:47
Last Modified:27 Oct 2021 04:47

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