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Reproductive biology, abundance and control potential of Paramecops farinosus (Wiedemann) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): a prospective biological control agent for Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae)

Ali, S., Dhileepan, K., Hussain, A. and Shabbir, A. (2021) Reproductive biology, abundance and control potential of Paramecops farinosus (Wiedemann) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): a prospective biological control agent for Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae). Biocontrol Science and Technology . pp. 1-12. ISSN 0958-3157

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2021.1953441

Abstract

Reproductive biology, abundance and control potential of Paramecops farinosus Wiedemann, (Aak weevil) a prospective biological control agent for Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton, (Calotrope) were studied under field conditions in Lahore, Pakistan, from spring to winter season. Newly emerged adult pairs were introduced inside insect-proof pouches with calotrope fruits, and the life cycle and reproductive biology of P. farinosus were studied. Pre-oviposition period was 4.8 ± 0.17 days and there were 6.1 ± 0.09 eggs per clutch. A female, laid eggs about 5.4 ± 0.32 times, producing 24 offspring during its lifespan. The mortality from egg to adult was 27% and the progeny sex ratio was 3:2 (female to male ratio). The developmental period of P. farinosus (egg to adult) was 59.9 ± 0.82 days and at least two generations were produced per year. The longevity of males and females recorded was 97 ± 1.98 and 69 ± 1.41 days, respectively and the pupae overwinter inside the infested fruits. The number of eggs and larvae inside fruits increased from March to July and declined in subsequent months. The highest number of eggs and larvae per fruit were recorded in July i.e. 8.27 ± 0.65 and 6.31 ± 1.77, respectively. The developing larvae destroyed 100% seeds and internal tissue of infested fruit pods of C. procera, resulting in significant reductions in fruit size (?12%) and biomass (?26%) compared to un-infested (healthy) fruits. The high reproductive capacity and control potential of P. farinosus indicate that this insect holds promise as a biological control agent of C. procera in its invaded ranges, including Australia, the Pacific, and South America.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Aak weevil biocontrol calotrope natural enemy invasive species life cycle
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Deposited On:26 Jul 2021 06:46
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:46

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