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Characterization of the Biodistribution of a Silica Vesicle Nanovaccine Carrying a Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Protective Antigen With in vivo Live Animal Imaging

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Mody, K. T., Zhang, B., Li, X., Fletcher, N. L., Akhter, D. T., Jarrett, S., Zhang, J., Yu, C., Thurecht, K. J., Mahony, T. J. and Mitter, N. (2021) Characterization of the Biodistribution of a Silica Vesicle Nanovaccine Carrying a Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Protective Antigen With in vivo Live Animal Imaging. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 8 (1455). ISSN 2296-4185

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.606652

Publisher URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fbioe.2020.606652

Abstract

Development of veterinary subunit vaccines comes with a spectrum of challenges, such as the choice of adjuvant, antigen delivery vehicle, and optimization of dosing strategy. Over the years, our laboratory has largely focused on investigating silica vesicles (SVs) for developing effective veterinary vaccines for multiple targets. Rhipicephalus microplus (cattle tick) are known to have a high impact on cattle health and the livestock industry in the tropical and subtropical regions. Development of vaccine using Bm86 antigen against R. microplus has emerged as an attractive alternative to control ticks. In this study, we have investigated the biodistribution of SV in a live animal model, as well as further explored the SV ability for vaccine development. Rhodamine-labeled SV-140-C<sub>18</sub> (Rho-SV-140-C<sub>18</sub>) vesicles were used to adsorb the Cy5-labeled R. microplus Bm86 antigen (Cy5-Bm86) to enable detection and characterization of the biodistribution of SV as well as antigen in vivo in a small animal model for up to 28 days using optical fluorescence imaging. We tracked the in vivo biodistribution of SVs and Bm86 antigen at different timepoints (days 3, 8, 13, and 28) in BALB/c mice. The biodistribution analysis by live imaging as well as by measuring the fluorescent intensity of harvested organs over the duration of the experiment (28 days) showed greater accumulation of SVs at the site of injection. The Bm86 antigen biodistribution was traced in lymph nodes, kidney, and liver, contributing to our understanding how this delivery platform successfully elicits antibody responses in the groups administered antigen in combination with SV. Selected tissues (skin, lymph nodes, spleen, kidney, liver, and lungs) were examined for any cellular abnormalities by histological analysis. No adverse effect or any other abnormalities were observed in the tissues.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:Open access
Keywords:Silica vesicles,adjuvants,Bm86 antigen,Biodi stribution,in vivo imaging,Live animal imaging,immune response
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle
Veterinary medicine
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 04:39
Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 04:39

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