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Effect of Soil Moisture Regimes on the Growth and Fecundity of Slender Amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) and Redroot Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus)

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Khan, A. M., Mobli, A., Werth, J. A. and Chauhan, B. S. (2020) Effect of Soil Moisture Regimes on the Growth and Fecundity of Slender Amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) and Redroot Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). Weed Science . pp. 1-22. ISSN 0043-1745

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1017/wsc.2020.89

Abstract

Slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis L.) and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) are increasingly problematic weeds of summer crops in Australia. Water is considered the most limiting factor in an agroecosystem, which adversely impacts the growth and reproduction of plant species. The primary objective of this study was to determine the growth and fecundity of two Australian biotypes (Goondiwindi and Gatton) of A. viridis and A. retroflexus under water stress conditions. Four water stress treatments [100%, 75%, 50% and 25% field capacity (FC)] at a four-day irrigation interval were chosen. No difference was observed for growth and seed production between the two biotypes of both species when grown under varying soil moisture regimes. The maximum growth (46 g plant-1) and seed production (3070 seeds plant-1) of A. retroflexus were observed at 100% FC. Similarly, at 100% FC, A. viridis produced 44 g plant-1 aboveground biomass and 1740 seeds plant-1. The growth and seed production of both species were reduced with increased water stress levels. Both weeds responded to water stress by decreasing the shoot:root biomass ratio. However, A. viridis (290 seeds plant-1) and A. retroflexus (370 seeds plant-1) and were able to produce a significant number of seeds per plant even at 25% FC. Results suggest that both weeds will produce seeds under water-limiting conditions. Therefore, management strategies are required to minimize the growth and survival of weeds in water deficit conditions.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:drought adaptation shoot:root ratio water deficit weed biomass and weed seed production
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science > Soil chemistry
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Deposited On:14 Dec 2020 05:32
Last Modified:14 Dec 2020 05:32

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