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A framework for the study of zoonotic disease emergence and its drivers: spillover of bat pathogens as a case study

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Wood, J. L., Leach, M., Waldman, L., Macgregor, H., Fooks, A. R., Jones, K. E., Restif, O., Dechmann, D., Hayman, D. T., Baker, K. S., Peel, A. J., Kamins, A. O., Fahr, J., Ntiamoa-Baidu, Y., Suu-Ire, R., Breiman, R. F., Epstein, J. H., Field, H. E. and Cunningham, A. A. (2012) A framework for the study of zoonotic disease emergence and its drivers: spillover of bat pathogens as a case study. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 367 (1604). pp. 2881-92. ISSN 0962-8436 (Print)0962-8436

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2012.0228

Abstract

Many serious emerging zoonotic infections have recently arisen from bats, including Ebola, Marburg, SARS-coronavirus, Hendra, Nipah, and a number of rabies and rabies-related viruses, consistent with the overall observation that wildlife are an important source of emerging zoonoses for the human population. Mechanisms underlying the recognized association between ecosystem health and human health remain poorly understood and responding appropriately to the ecological, social and economic conditions that facilitate disease emergence and transmission represents a substantial societal challenge. In the context of disease emergence from wildlife, wildlife and habitat should be conserved, which in turn will preserve vital ecosystem structure and function, which has broader implications for human wellbeing and environmental sustainability, while simultaneously minimizing the spillover of pathogens from wild animals into human beings. In this review, we propose a novel framework for the holistic and interdisciplinary investigation of zoonotic disease emergence and its drivers, using the spillover of bat pathogens as a case study. This study has been developed to gain a detailed interdisciplinary understanding, and it combines cutting-edge perspectives from both natural and social sciences, linked to policy impacts on public health, land use and conservation.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Open access pdf attached
Keywords:Animal Migration Animals Chiroptera/*virology Communicable Diseases, Emerging/*prevention & control/transmission/veterinary/virology Disease Vectors Ecosystem Environmental Policy Feeding Behavior Global Health/legislation & jurisprudence Humans Population Dynamics RNA Viruses/*pathogenicity Zoonoses/*transmission
Subjects:Science > Zoology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary virology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary epidemiology. Epizootiology
Veterinary medicine > Communicable diseases of animals (General)
Deposited On:15 Oct 2020 06:55
Last Modified:15 Oct 2020 06:55

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