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Response of Mungbean Root System Architecture to Phosphorus Application Methods

Singh, V., Collins, M., Douglas, C. A. and Bell, M. (2019) Response of Mungbean Root System Architecture to Phosphorus Application Methods. Proceedings, 36 (1). p. 173. ISSN 2504-3900

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019036173

Abstract

In recent years phosphorus application methods have become an important management strategy for optimising the uptake of the immobile nutrient phosphorus (P). Root system architecture (RSA) could play a particularly important role in the uptake of P by grain legumes, due to their relatively coarse root systems. The objective of this study was to understand the response of mungbean root systems to P application methods. Four mungbean varieties were grown in purpose-built soil filled root chambers that received five P application methods. Phosphorus treatments consisted of a control (no application of P) compared with 30 mg P/kg soil throughout the soil volume (high P treatment) or restricted to 10cm deep layers in the topsoil or in a layer from 20-30cm deep. A fifth treatment consisted of the same amount of P as applied in deeper dispersed layer applied in a concentrated band at 25cm depth. After 50 days of growth, plant were destructively harvested and shoot and root parameters were measured. Mungbean varieties responded differently to P application methods, with Jade and Berken varieties showing greater root proliferation at depth and greater shoot growth in response to banded and deeper dispersed P applications, relative to the late maturing variety Putland. Shallow dispersed P and the no-P control both resulted in poor root growth in all the genotypes except Celera II, which did not respond to P application from any placement strategy. Results suggest that P application strategies may need to vary with variety to maximize the uptake of P.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:phosphorus acquisition mungbean varieties root system architecture phosphorus application methods deep banding
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Fertilisers
Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Vegetables
Deposited On:28 Jul 2020 06:00
Last Modified:28 Jul 2020 06:00

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