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Extraction of metals from mildly acidic tropical soils: Interactions between chelating ligand, pH and soil type

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Orr, R., Hocking, R. K., Pattison, A. B. and Nelson, P. N. (2020) Extraction of metals from mildly acidic tropical soils: Interactions between chelating ligand, pH and soil type. Chemosphere, 248 . p. 126060. ISSN 0045-6535

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126060

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653520302538


Naturally occurring and synthetic chelating ligands can act as suppressants for fungal pathogens, nematodes and weeds, based on their ability to alter micronutrient bioavailability in soil, particularly iron. Chelators are also used as detergents, for remediation of heavy metal contamination and for supplying metals as fertiliser. The aim of this work was to test the ability of chelators to solubilise metals, in particular iron, in tropical soils over an environmentally relevant pH range. Six topsoils from farms in North Queensland, Australia were adjusted to pH 5, 6 and 7 and then extracted with CaCl2, EDTA, DTPA, EDDHA and mimosine. The extracts were analysed for concentrations of aluminium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, strontium and zinc. EDDHA solubilised iron effectively under all of the conditions tested, indicating its likely suitability for pest suppression. The concentration of aluminium in EDDHA extracts was positively correlated with pH, and at pH 7 the concentration of aluminium was far greater than that of iron. An increase in the mobility of aluminium from EDDHA application to soil may lead to aluminium toxicity in plants, which should be considered further in any practical application of EDDHA. Mimosine, which is also a strong chelator, was a poor extractor of all metals, possibly due to adsorption to the soil.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Pesticide EDDHA Iron Aluminium mobilization Mimosine
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science > Soil chemistry
Live Archive:02 Jun 2020 00:05
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:45

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