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Development of a Mycoinsecticide Bait Formulation for the Control of House Flies, Musca domestica L

Baker, D., Rice, S., Leemon, D., Godwin, R. and James, P. (2020) Development of a Mycoinsecticide Bait Formulation for the Control of House Flies, Musca domestica L. Insects, 11 (1). p. 47. ISSN 2075-4450

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11010047

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/11/1/47

Abstract

The control of house flies, Musca domestica (L.), currently relies on the use of chemical insecticide spray and bait formulations. Entomopathogenic fungi, such as Metarhizium anisopliae, may provide an alternative to these products. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a mycoinsecticide bait formulation containing a virulent M. anisopliae isolate. Five M. anisopliae isolates were screened against M. domestica and isolate M16 was selected for bait development. Bait formulations containing a variety of additives, including (Z)-9-tricosene, were tested for their ability to increase fly visitation. A bait formulation containing M. anisopliae and skim milk powder was found to have the highest house fly visitation and was subsequently compared to a conventional chemical bait in an efficacy assay. The chemical bait (0.5% imidacloprid) caused faster mortality than the mycoinsecticide bait, however, similar levels of mortality were achieved by 4–5 days’ post exposure. These results suggest that M. anisopliae mycoinsecticide baits may offer an alternative to conventional chemical insecticides for the control of house flies in suitable areas.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Additional Information:Open access
Keywords:biological control; Metarhizium anisopliae; biopesticide; entomopathogenic fungi
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
Deposited On:26 May 2020 05:29
Last Modified:26 May 2020 05:29

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