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Genome-wide association mapping analysis to identify genomic regions associated with virulence in Pyrenophora teres f. teres

Martin, A., Tao, Y., McIlroy, J., Fowler, R. A., Snyman, L. and Platz, G. J. (2019) Genome-wide association mapping analysis to identify genomic regions associated with virulence in Pyrenophora teres f. teres. In: Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference APPS 2019 Strong Foundations, Future Innovations, 25-28 November 2019, Melbourne, Australia.

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Abstract

Net form of net blotch, caused by the fungal pathogen, Pyrenophora teres f. teres (Ptt), is an important foliar disease present in all barley (Hordeum vulgare) producing regions of the world. This fungus is a heterothallic haploid ascomycete and reproduces both sexually and asexually. Sexual recombination in Ptt can produce new combinations of pathogen virulences and lead to changes in disease expression in the host. Changes in virulence can be devastating to the barley industry especially if a limited number of barley varieties with common resistances are grown. Knowledge of the genetic structure and genes involved in virulence is vital to researchers and breeders to increase the durability of Ptt resistance in barley varieties. We have used a genome-wide association mapping approach to characterise genomic regions associated with virulence in Australian barley varieties. One hundred and eighty-seven Ptt isolates collected from five Australian states were genotyped using DArTseq (Diversity Arrays Technology Pty Ltd) markers and phenotyped across ten different barley genotypes. Association mapping analysis identified eleven unique genomic regions associated with virulence. The majority of these genomic regions were located on Ptt chromosomes 3 and 5. Four of the regions identified were confirmed via bi-parental quantitative trait loci mapping analysis in two different Ptt/Ptt populations. Knowledge of the virulence genes present in the Australian Ptt pathogen population will provide barley breeding programs with valuable information for future breeding of Ptt resistant barley varieties.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Field crops > Barley
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 03:38
Last Modified:09 Dec 2019 03:38

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