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Economic assessment of community-based pearl oyster spat collection and mabé pearl production in the western Pacific

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Johnston, B., Kishore, P., Vuibeqa, G. B., Hine, D. and Southgate, P. C. (2020) Economic assessment of community-based pearl oyster spat collection and mabé pearl production in the western Pacific. Aquaculture, 514 . p. 734505. ISSN 0044-8486

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734505

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0044848619310592

Abstract

Cultured pearl production, and associated activities, are of crucial social and economic importance to remote coastal communities in Polynesia and the western Pacific. This study determined the potential profitability of (1) community-based pearl oyster spat collection operations targeting Pinctada margaritifera, and the subsequent sale of pearl oysters to round pearl farms; and (2) the use of Pteria penguin, collected incidentally from P. margaritifera spat collection operations, for mabé pearl production. The spat collection farm modelled in this study comprised four 100-m longlines supporting 1240 commercial spat collectors, with an estimated capital cost of $1245 (all figures in USD). The spat collection operation produced 2332 saleable P. margaritifera pearl oysters (sold to round pearl culture operations) with estimated NPV of $10,439. The MIRR generated was 12.24%, with a benefit-cost ratio was 1.52, and a payback period of 4 years. The downstream mabé pearl farm modelled in this study comprised two 100-m longlines supporting 2000 implanted Pt. penguin oysters with an estimated capital cost of $7319. Annual production of 5400 mabé pearls generated an NPV of $491,864. The MIRR and benefit-cost ratio of the modelled mabé pearl farm were 22.64% and 7.24, respectively, with a payback period of 3 years. Incorporating production and price risk into the model reduced the expected NPV of the mabé pearl farm to $297,507. The models developed in this study provide valuable new information for prospective pearl oyster spat and mabé pearl farming community groups, donors, funding bodies and other stakeholders, and provide a valuable extension tool supporting further development of the pearl sector in Fiji and the broader Indo-Pacific region.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Agriculture
Keywords:Mabé pearl culture Pearl oyster spat collection Pearl economics Fiji Islands
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural economics
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Aquaculture > Shellfish culture
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Shellfish fisheries
Deposited On:12 Nov 2019 00:48
Last Modified:12 Nov 2019 00:48

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