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Phosphorus and phosphorus stratification

Sandral, G., Tavakkoli, E., Barati, M., Pumpa, R., Armstrong, R., Lester, D. W., Mason, S., Norton, R. and Bell, M. (2019) Phosphorus and phosphorus stratification. GRDC Update .

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Article Link: https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/grd...


Take Home Message
Phosphorus (P) stratification can impact on the critical P requirements of grain crops. In northern NSW and Queensland placing P at 20cm below the soil surface resulted in significant grain yield responses (~13% increase in wheat) (Bell et al., 2016). These findings are worth further consideration in other regions of the Australian grain belt particularly where soil P values in the 10 - 30cm layer are very low (Colwell P < 5mg/kg soil) and surface soils (> 10cm) experience extended periods of low soil moisture that limits P uptake by roots.
Testing the extent of P stratification on-farm (surface 0–10cm and subsoil 10–30cm) can assist in P budgeting as the lack of subsoil P can be offset by higher concentrations of surface P in most soils provided soil moisture conditions are adequate for P uptake.
The extent to which P stratification impacts grain yield is influenced by; (i) the Colwell P values for 0–10cm and 10–30cm layers, (ii) the probability of poor crop P uptake due to low soil moisture at 0–10cm, and (iii) the crop type. The current understanding of these components for southern cropping systems is inadequate to provide any precise recommendations.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Live Archive:09 May 2019 00:08
Last Modified:29 Nov 2022 00:55

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