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How important is appearance? Consumer preferences for mandarins in Indonesia

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Wei, S., Singgih, S., Woods, E. J. and Adar, D. (2003) How important is appearance? Consumer preferences for mandarins in Indonesia. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 27 (5). pp. 406-411. ISSN 1470-6423

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1470-6431.2003.00332.x

Publisher URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1470-6431.2003.00332.x


Abstract The purpose of this research was to determine consumer preferences for attributes of mandarins in Indonesia, in particular the preferences between domestic and imported mandarins. A focus group was conducted to identify some salient attributes of mandarins to Indonesian consumers. Intrinsic fruit attributes that are important to consumers include the appearance, taste, texture and overall quality of fruit segments and skin colour. Based on the results of the focus group, a survey questionnaire was developed and used in the interview process with the consumers. Evaluations were made on a seven-point intensity scale for two domestic lines of mandarins and one imported line. Respondents did not know the origins of the fruit when evaluating the intrinsic qualities of mandarins. The results from 113 respondents in the city of Surabaya showed that domestic mandarins were rated higher on all intrinsic attributes. Imported mandarins were rated the best only on skin colour as domestic fruit are normally green or only partially orange when ripe. The fact that imported mandarins continue to command premium prices in the Indonesian market is an interesting phenomenon. Two possible explanations are suggested. The prestige of supermarket retailers (where imported produce is mostly sold) may advantage imported fruits. Alternatively, consumers may hold persistently favourable perceptions of imported fruits. Whether this represents the influence of subjective psychological and status factors requires further investigation.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural economics
Plant culture > Horticulture. Horticultural crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:30 Apr 2019 00:46
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:45

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