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Selection and characterisation of two attenuated vaccine lines of Eimeria tenella in Australia

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Jorgensen, W.K., Anderson, G. R., Jeston, P.J., Blight, G.W. and Molloy, J.B. (2006) Selection and characterisation of two attenuated vaccine lines of Eimeria tenella in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 84 (3). pp. 89-94.

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2006.tb12236.x


Objective To attenuate two strains of Eimeria tenella by selecting for precocious development and evaluate the strains in characterisation trials and by field evaluation, to choose one precocious line for incorporation into an Australian live coccidiosis vaccine for poultry.

Design Two strains from non-commercial flocks were passaged through chickens while selecting for precocious development. Each strain was characterised for drug sensitivity, pathogenicity, protection against homologous and heterologous challenge, and oocyst output in replicated experiments in which the experimental unit was a cage of three birds. Oocyst output and/or body weight gain data collected over a 10 to 12 day period following final inoculation were measured. Feed conversion ratios were also calculated where possible.

Results Fifteen passages resulted in prepatent periods reduced by 24 h for the Redlands strain (from 144 h to 120 h)and 23 h for the Darryl strain (from 139 h to 116 h). Characterisation trials demonstrated that each precocious line was significantly less pathogenic than its parent strain and each effectively induced immunity that protected chickens against challenge with both the parent strain and other virulent field strains. Both lines had oocyst outputs that, although significantly reduced relative to the parent strains, remained sufficiently high for commercial vaccine production, and both showed susceptibility to coccidiostats.

Conclusion Two attenuated lines have been produced that exhibit the appropriate characteristics for use in an Australian live coccidiosis vaccine.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Eimeria tenella; coccidiosis vaccine; poultry.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Live Archive:24 Dec 2007
Last Modified:20 Jan 2023 05:42

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