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Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Peronosclerospora (Oomycetes) reveals cryptic species and genetically distinct species parasitic to maize

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Telle, S., Shivas, R. G., Ryley, M. J. and Thines, M. (2011) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Peronosclerospora (Oomycetes) reveals cryptic species and genetically distinct species parasitic to maize. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 130 (4). pp. 521-528.

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Article Link: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-011-9772-8

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Downy mildews are amongst the most widespread and economically important pathogens of cultivated grasses in the tropics and subtropics. Despite their importance, molecular methods, particularly DNA sequence analysis, have rarely been applied to either species identification or to the determination of phylogenetic relationships between species. Here we report the presence of several cryptic species in the genus Peronosclerospora. Further we confirm that maize can be parasitised by several species of Peronosclerospora, including P. eriochloae, which has not been reported previously as a pathogen of maize. The presence of 14 distinct phylogenetic lineages, including three that are parasitic to maize, highlights the current fragmentary knowledge on the diversity and classification of species within Peronosclerospora. Species identification in Peronosclerospora has been traditionally based on the host genus and a set of variable morphological characteristics, which has meant that the identification of species is often unreliable. This situation is primed for the application of molecular techniques for the identification of species. One of the lineages parasitic to maize in Australia has not yet been formally described and its distribution is not known. Future investigation including a broad sampling of downy mildews from maize and other cultivated and native grasses on a world-wide basis is a prerequisite to a re-evaluation of quarantine regulations aimed at restricting or limiting their spread. © 2011 KNPV.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:cox2 Graminicolous downy mildews Host range Large nuclear ribosomal subunit (nrLSU) Peronosporaceae Quarantine Sclerosporaceae
Subjects:Science > Biology > Genetics
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees > Corn. Maize
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Live Archive:05 Apr 2019 01:14
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:45

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