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Bentonites and layered double hydroxides can decrease nutrient losses from spent poultry litter

Redding, M. R. (2011) Bentonites and layered double hydroxides can decrease nutrient losses from spent poultry litter. Applied Clay Science, 52 (1–2). pp. 20-26. ISSN 0169-1317

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2011.01.016

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169131711000214

Abstract

Manure by-products of intensive livestock industries, such as spent poultry litter are a considerable nutrient resource. This study sought to improve the environmental characteristics of spent poultry litter, through the addition of hydrotalcite and bentonite, to decrease likely nutrient losses to the environment. Three experiments were conducted. An incubation trial sought to identify the effect of bentonite addition (0 to 158% m/m of dry spent-litter mass) on exchangeable retention of ammonium-N in poultry litter. A column leaching trial (33 pore volumes over 11 days) sought to determine the effect of varied hydrotalcite additions (0 to 50% m/m) and a fixed rate of bentonite (127% m/m) on phosphorus release. Rainfall simulations were conducted on turf-applied spent poultry litter to determine the effect of alum (0 to 11% m/m), bentonite (0 to 158% m/m), and hydrotalcite (0 to 50% m/m) addition on overland losses of phosphorus. The addition of bentonite (0 to 158%) increased the proportion of mineral N retained in exchangeable form from 19% to as much as 54%. The additions of hydrotalcite at 30% of the mass of dried litter resulted in 90% decreases in the quantity of phosphorus leached. However, under rainfall simulation, the 10% hydrotalcite addition combined with bentonite (127%) was sufficient to effectively eliminate run-off phosphorus losses that occurred with untreated spent litter. The combination of hydrotalcite (10%) and bentonite appeared to exceed the performance of conventional rates (2 to 11% m/m) of alum addition. Only a small proportion of the decrease in phosphorus losses was attributable to bentonite addition.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Manure Leaching Runoff Adsorbent Nutrient management Hydrotalcite
Subjects:Animal culture > Poultry
Animal culture > Housing and environmental control
Deposited On:02 Apr 2019 02:26
Last Modified:02 Apr 2019 02:26

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