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Utility of biotechnology based decision making tools in postharvest grain pest management: an Australian case study

Nayak, M. K., Jagadeesan, R., Nath, N. S., Daglish, G. J., Virgine, S., Schlipalius, D. I., Pavic, H., Reid, R. and Ebert, P. R. (2018) Utility of biotechnology based decision making tools in postharvest grain pest management: an Australian case study. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection (IWCSPP), 7-11 October, 2018, Berlin, Germany.

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Article Link(s): https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JKA/article/vie...

Abstract

A major concern for the Australian grain industry in recent years is the constant threat of resistance to the key disinfectant phosphine in a range of stored grain pests. The need to maintain the usefulness of phosphine and to contain the development of resistance are critical to international market access for Australian grain. Strong levels of resistance have already been established in major pests including the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F.), the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), and most recently in the rusty grain beetle Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens). As a proactive integrated resistance management strategy, new fumigation protocols are being developed in the laboratory and verified in large-scale field trials in collaboration with industry partners. To aid this development, we have deployed advanced molecular diagnostic tools to accurately determine the strength and frequency of key phosphine resistant insect pests and their movement within a typical Australian grain value chain. For example, two major bulk storage facilities based at Brookstead and Millmerran in southeast Queensland, Australia, were selected as main nodes and several farms and feed mills located in and around these two sites at a scale of 25 to 100 km radius were selected and surveyed. We determined the type, pattern, frequency as well as the distribution of resistance alleles accurately for two major pests, R. dominica and T. castaneum. Overall, this information along with the phenotypic data, provide a basis for designing key intervention strategies in managing resistance problems in the study area.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Plant culture > Field crops > Grain. Cereals
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Deposited On:02 Apr 2019 01:42
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 23:44

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